IVF treatment involves ovarian stimulation to increase the number of mature eggs available for fertilisation. The eggs are retrieved from the ovaries during a short procedure using ultrasound guidance. The sperm from the partner or donor is prepared to isolate the most motile sperm and mixed with the eggs to allow fertilisation and subsequent embryo formation  

Embryos are cultured for up to 5 days before one or two are transferred to the woman’s uterus where they hopefully establish a normal pregnancy.

IVF is particularly suited to women whose fallopian tubes are absent or damaged. IVF is also used for other fertility problems such as endometriosis, unexplained infertility and male infertility.